The mallow rich in color palette perfectly decorates the garden, decorates buildings and the fence. Moreover, some varieties are in demand in traditional medicine. Therefore, choosing it for planting in your yard is a reasonable decision. However, like any other cultivated plant, mallow requires proper care. In this article, we will help you choose a variety, highlight the basic principles of care, reproduction, and also show you how to deal with diseases!
Mallow (Mallow) - annual and perennial herbaceous plants, which are a type genus from the Malvaceae family. Flowers grow in regions with a tropical, subtropical and temperate climate in South and North America, northern Africa, Asia and Europe. Wild specimens can be found near roads, fences, on slopes and forests.
Malva reaches a length of 30 to 120 centimeters. It has a branched, long, spindle-shaped root. As a rule, it is unpretentious in care, resistant to frost and drought.
Flowers are large, about 13 cm in diameter. The color is very variable: there are yellow, white, yellow, lilac, pink, red and almost black varieties. Flowering lasts throughout the summer.
Mallow is widely used for the manufacture of medicines, homemade decoctions and tinctures. Roots, stems, leaves and flowers have healing properties. They are used to treat disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, as well as for colds, bronchitis, periodontal disease and stomatitis.
Types of mallow
According to The Plant List database, the mallow genus includes 29 species. Not all of them are cultivated in our latitudes. And those that are grown in home garden plots are not always directly related to this genus. Of the most common species in horticulture, the following varieties can be distinguished.
This variety of mallow reaches a height of 20 cm to 1 m and has a pleasant musky aroma. Stems covered with hairs, straight. Flowers - up to 5 cm in diameter, painted in white or pink.
For cultivation, it is necessary to choose a well-lit area, protected from the wind with soft soil. Among the popular varieties used in horticulture are the Pink and White Towers, as well as White Perfection.
A wild flower can be found in bright park areas and forests in Europe, Northwest India, Asia Minor and Central Asia, and North Africa. At the same time, it also feels good in home gardens (it has been cultivated since the time of the ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians).
Wood mallow is a biennial plant, reaching 30 to 120 cm in length. Stem glabrous or covered with sparse hairs, straight and branched. Beautiful varieties: light Zebrina in a pink hue and dark Black Pearl purple.
In the botanical classification - stock-rose, a separate genus from the Malvaceae family. At the same time, in appearance and care, the plant does not differ much from other mallows. Therefore, in everyday life it is not customary to attribute it to a separate genus.
The most successful varieties: Chater's Double Strain (grows up to 2 m, flowers - 15 cm in diameter, double, look like peonies); Pinafore Mixed (up to 1 m in height, flowers are glossy, simple or double, have a different color); Majorette Mixed (up to 75 cm, large flowers. Semi-double).
Perennial plant with several individual stems. Reaches 2 meters in height, the flowers are large, double, presented in pink and white. Pleases with flowering from June to September. Best varieties: Powder Puffs, Gibbortello, Appleblossom, Chaters Double.
Also known as Sudanese rose and hibiscus. This is a biennial, tree or shrub plant up to 3 m in height. Flowers - 7-10 cm in diameter, deep red. The fruits have healing properties, you can make drinks and decoctions from them. Tree variety - Malva sabdariffa var. Altissima. Shrub variety - Malva sabdariffa var. Sabdariffa.
In general, mallow is unpretentious in care. To make her feel good, it is enough to observe a few simple conditions.
The right place to land
It must be well lit. In extreme cases, you can use shaded areas, but get ready that the flowering will not be so lush and plentiful. Also try to protect the mallow from gusts of wind, which can break tall stems and flower stalks.
Suitable soft soil, easily permeable to air and water. If the land is not nutritious, then it will have to be additionally fertilized. At the same time, wrinkled mallow must be planted in loam. Please note that regardless of the type and variety of the plant, it needs to provide high-quality drainage.
It is not enough to choose the right soil - you also need to take care of it. But it's easy. It is enough to loosen it regularly to give the rhizome access to air and prevent the development of weeds.
Annually enrich the earth with compost, humus and peat (3 kg per 1 sq.m.) In anticipation of budding, fertilize the soil with mineral complex fertilizer.
As a rule, moderate watering once or twice a week is sufficient for good development of mallow. In dry weather, pi steady heat, as well as in southern latitudes, you need to water the flower with a large amount of water every two days. The volume of liquid also increases during the budding period.
Reproduction and planting
Regardless of the type and variety of mallow, it can be propagated and planted in one of three classic ways: cuttings, seeds and seedlings.
Suitable if you want to plant a certain variety. Held in spring or summer. In the first case, cut off the cutting closer to the root, at the bottom of the stem. And in the summer, take from the middle of the stem.
So, cut the stalk with a sharp knife. Then treat the cut itself with crushed charcoal. Plant the shoot in a prepared pot with soil and plenty of fields. Here it will remain until transplanted into open ground. It is not always possible to propagate a flower in this way, so many cuttings should be prepared.
As a rule, seeds are planted in open ground in June. First, dig the area and make a very small hole. The distance between the seeds will depend on the mallow variety. Low ones are sown with a gap of 40 cm, and between tall ones you need to leave 60 cm.
Seeds are dug in with a thin scrap of soil and watered regularly. In two weeks, the first shoots should appear. But the flowers will appear no earlier than the second year.
You need to sow seeds for seedlings in March, and you can plant them in open ground in July or August. Prepare small pots, plastic or paper cups. Fill them with soil, preferably special for seedlings.
Lay the mallow seeds on the surface of the earth and lightly sprinkle them with soil. Further, the seedlings are regularly watered and kept in a warm place (temperature not lower than 18 degrees) without drafts. About a week before planting, the containers are taken outside for adaptation.
Diseases and pests
Malva is quite resistant to diseases. As a rule, they can arise from heavy rains and excessive watering. But the plant can be affected by fungal diseases: powdery mildew, spotting, stem cancer, rust, mosaic virus. The diseased areas are cut off, and the mallow is treated with an antifungal solution in accordance with the instructions on the package.
The flower can also be affected by spider mites and aphids. If you find them, just treat the mallow with an insecticide.
Malva - photo
So, we figured out the main types of mallow and the rules for caring for them. To finally decide on planting this beautiful flower, we bring to your attention a selection of photos. Perhaps in a year or two you will observe such a lush flowering not only in the photo, but also in your own garden. Happy viewing!